Home-villages in Portugal, as a system of residence and revitalization of the
territory are the main objective of this work. Based on the case study of the
Home-Village of São José de Alcalar, in Mexilhoeira Grande - Portimão, it seeks
to identify rules of conception and space, as well as implementation systems that
will contribute to establishing a special equity in habitation and also identifying
the daily flows of the populations in their territory of action and influence, by
examining the use of mobility systems and equipment.
The demographic challenge, with the increase in the number of people over 65
years and their higher longevity, adds the challenge of promoting relations of
proximity and interaction of populations with their homes, as place of shelter,
and the territory in which they move and work. It is necessary to establish a land
structure and intergenerational architecture that removes physical and psychological
obstacles, minimizing the isolation of the elderly population, where the
introduction of the time factor in urban and architectural planning aims to encourage
and enhance the social and civic participation of people in the community.
Through the development and introduction of a balanced planning system, rural
or/and urban land use too, the aim is to establish a qualified supply of housing,
equipment, jobs and services to promote the establishment of a population which
can fight the abandonment of the territory and its desertification. The relevance of this research relates to the timeliness of the theme and the
necessity to create workable answers, contributing to the development of knowledge
enhancement of housing problems, permanent or temporary, that despite
concerns over accessibility and mobility needs for the aging population, it intended
to be intergenerational.